Regions Latin America

Survey Articles (Regional)

  • When the First World War broke out in Europe, Latin Americans of all social strata soon felt that the conflict would plunge the world into a crisis of hitherto unknown dimensions. Due to its globally … READ MORE

    Regional

Regional Thematic Articles

Encyclopedic Entries

  • On 25 May 1915, Argentina’s, Brazil’s and Chile’s ministers of foreign affairs signed a treaty to facilitate the peaceful solution of international controversies in Buenos Aires. Mired in … READ MORE

    Entry
  • The diffusion of anarchism in Latin America, which began in the 1870s, was boosted by large migration flows. Between 1890 and 1920, anarchism was an essential element in the process of workers’ … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Venceslau Brás was president of Brazil between 1914 and 1918. On 26 October 1917, he signed the Brazilian declaration of war against … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Brazil was the only South American country that participated actively in the First World War. Before the war, the country was economically dependent on European and North American markets and … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Created some months after Brazil's declaration of war against Germany, the Naval Division for War Operations (''Divisão Naval em Operações de Guerra'' – DNOG), active between May and November of … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Before World War I, coffee had become a popular drink in countries in the northern hemisphere, but when the war broke out, it was not regarded as an essential commodity. This article describes the … READ MORE

    Entry
  • On 1 November 1914, the German East Asiatic Cruiser Squadron defeated the 4th British Cruiser Squadron near the harbour of Coronel, … READ MORE

    Entry
  • During the Battle of the Falklands, the British naval force commanded by Admiral Sturdee defeated the German force under Admiral von Spee off the Falkland Islands on 8 December … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Pedro Frontin was a Brazilian navy admiral. He commanded the Brazilian Naval Division during military operations in World War I, acting in conjunction with British and U.S. naval forces along the … READ MORE

    Entry
  • German-speaking elites in Brazil were traditionally in contact with German colonial actors, and during World War I, many middle-class immigrants sympathized with Germany. This led to a conflict … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Named after the German ''chargé d’affaires'' in Buenos Aires, Count Karl von Luxburg, the Luxburg Affair was the diplomatic issue that brought Germany and Argentina to the brink of war in … READ MORE

    Entry
  • It was the complex and far-reaching transformation of the Mexican Revolution rather than the First World War that left its mark on Mexican history in the second decade of the 20th century. … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Lauro Müller was the Brazilian minister of foreign affairs between 1912 and 1917. A pro-German politician and intellectual, he was heavily criticised during World War I by the Brazilian press and … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Nicaragua’s experience during the First World War was influenced by the geopolitics of the Central American isthmus. The American occupation of Nicaragua between 1912 and 1925 impacted both … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Until 1914 natural nitrates were the most important source for the production of fertilizers and explosives. Beginning in 1883, the main nitrate reservoirs were controlled by Chile, which produced … READ MORE

    Entry
  • This article focuses on the construction of the Panama Canal as a prelude to World War I. Special attention is paid to U.S. interventions in Central America, the war’s impact on Panama itself and, … READ MORE

    Entry
  • The First World War elicited various responses from the Wilson administration based on Pan Americanism, a conception of regional integration under U.S. leadership that calls for more political … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Epitácio Pessoa served as the president of Brazil between 1919 and 1922. He led the Brazilian delegation to the Paris Peace Conference. He was also a member of the Permanent Court of International … READ MORE

    Entry
  • José Enrique Rodó was a Uruguayan writer. His main work ''Ariel'' was published in 1900. As a journalist, Rodó reflected his personal interpretation of the First World … READ MORE

    Entry
  • During World War I, motor vehicles took on a key role as transport facilities for troops and equipment. They needed tires made of rubber, which as a result became a raw material of strategic … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Federico Tinoco Granados was the Costa Rican president from 1917-1919 who declared war on Germany in April 1917. With his support for the United States during the last two years of the war, he tried … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Since the beginning of the 20th century, political conflicts determined relations between the German Empire and the USA. The Caribbean became one of the scenes of these conflicts during … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Hipólito Yrigoyen was president of Argentina during a critical moment of the First World War. He maintained neutrality despite internal and external pressures, and promoted Pan-Hispanism to … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Named for its author, the German minister of foreign affairs Arthur Zimmermann, the so-called Zimmermann Telegram threw a disturbing light on German wartime diplomacy in Mexico and it catalyzed the … READ MORE

    Entry

See also

  • This article examines the First World War’s ecological impact and shows that protracted environmental transformations resulted more from expanded industrial modes of production than heavy combat. … READ MORE

    Thematic
  • By examining the origins, pathways, demographic impact and consequences for the public, the medical profession and governments, of the so-called “Spanish” influenza pandemic of 1918-1919, this … READ MORE

    Thematic
  • The article examines international efforts to curb states’ war-making prerogatives in the second half of the “long” 19th century. It captures new humanitarian sentiments circulating … READ MORE

    Thematic
  • Post-war economies were beset with problems, ultimately leading to the Great Depression that ruined the world economy and resulted in “beggar-thy-neighbour” national policies. Roosevelt’s … READ MORE

    Thematic
  • Raw materials were vital during the First World War. Due to the armaments production, the belligerents’ needs increased significantly, while the available resources fell. Each country intended both … READ MORE

    Thematic
  • It may surprise us to learn that some sectors of the European public were in favour of the war in 1914. The impact of modern weapons was not well understood and many people in the government, … READ MORE

    Thematic

Survey Articles (Regional)

  • When the First World War broke out in Europe, Latin Americans of all social strata soon felt that the conflict would plunge the world into a crisis of hitherto unknown dimensions. Due to its globally … READ MORE

    Regional

Regional Thematic Articles

Encyclopedic Entries

  • On 25 May 1915, Argentina’s, Brazil’s and Chile’s ministers of foreign affairs signed a treaty to facilitate the peaceful solution of international controversies in Buenos Aires. Mired in … READ MORE

    Entry
  • The diffusion of anarchism in Latin America, which began in the 1870s, was boosted by large migration flows. Between 1890 and 1920, anarchism was an essential element in the process of workers’ … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Venceslau Brás was president of Brazil between 1914 and 1918. On 26 October 1917, he signed the Brazilian declaration of war against … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Brazil was the only South American country that participated actively in the First World War. Before the war, the country was economically dependent on European and North American markets and … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Created some months after Brazil's declaration of war against Germany, the Naval Division for War Operations (''Divisão Naval em Operações de Guerra'' – DNOG), active between May and November of … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Before World War I, coffee had become a popular drink in countries in the northern hemisphere, but when the war broke out, it was not regarded as an essential commodity. This article describes the … READ MORE

    Entry
  • On 1 November 1914, the German East Asiatic Cruiser Squadron defeated the 4th British Cruiser Squadron near the harbour of Coronel, … READ MORE

    Entry
  • During the Battle of the Falklands, the British naval force commanded by Admiral Sturdee defeated the German force under Admiral von Spee off the Falkland Islands on 8 December … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Pedro Frontin was a Brazilian navy admiral. He commanded the Brazilian Naval Division during military operations in World War I, acting in conjunction with British and U.S. naval forces along the … READ MORE

    Entry
  • German-speaking elites in Brazil were traditionally in contact with German colonial actors, and during World War I, many middle-class immigrants sympathized with Germany. This led to a conflict … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Named after the German ''chargé d’affaires'' in Buenos Aires, Count Karl von Luxburg, the Luxburg Affair was the diplomatic issue that brought Germany and Argentina to the brink of war in … READ MORE

    Entry
  • It was the complex and far-reaching transformation of the Mexican Revolution rather than the First World War that left its mark on Mexican history in the second decade of the 20th century. … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Lauro Müller was the Brazilian minister of foreign affairs between 1912 and 1917. A pro-German politician and intellectual, he was heavily criticised during World War I by the Brazilian press and … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Nicaragua’s experience during the First World War was influenced by the geopolitics of the Central American isthmus. The American occupation of Nicaragua between 1912 and 1925 impacted both … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Until 1914 natural nitrates were the most important source for the production of fertilizers and explosives. Beginning in 1883, the main nitrate reservoirs were controlled by Chile, which produced … READ MORE

    Entry
  • This article focuses on the construction of the Panama Canal as a prelude to World War I. Special attention is paid to U.S. interventions in Central America, the war’s impact on Panama itself and, … READ MORE

    Entry
  • The First World War elicited various responses from the Wilson administration based on Pan Americanism, a conception of regional integration under U.S. leadership that calls for more political … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Epitácio Pessoa served as the president of Brazil between 1919 and 1922. He led the Brazilian delegation to the Paris Peace Conference. He was also a member of the Permanent Court of International … READ MORE

    Entry
  • José Enrique Rodó was a Uruguayan writer. His main work ''Ariel'' was published in 1900. As a journalist, Rodó reflected his personal interpretation of the First World … READ MORE

    Entry
  • During World War I, motor vehicles took on a key role as transport facilities for troops and equipment. They needed tires made of rubber, which as a result became a raw material of strategic … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Federico Tinoco Granados was the Costa Rican president from 1917-1919 who declared war on Germany in April 1917. With his support for the United States during the last two years of the war, he tried … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Since the beginning of the 20th century, political conflicts determined relations between the German Empire and the USA. The Caribbean became one of the scenes of these conflicts during … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Hipólito Yrigoyen was president of Argentina during a critical moment of the First World War. He maintained neutrality despite internal and external pressures, and promoted Pan-Hispanism to … READ MORE

    Entry
  • Named for its author, the German minister of foreign affairs Arthur Zimmermann, the so-called Zimmermann Telegram threw a disturbing light on German wartime diplomacy in Mexico and it catalyzed the … READ MORE

    Entry